⚓ Federal Judge Spikes NC Attempts to Dismiss Blackbeard’s Lawsuit
Pirates not welcome here! That was the message U.S. District Judge Terrence W. Boyle delivered Thursday, March 23, 2017 to the North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources (NCDNCR), its employees and the Friends of Queen Anne’s Revenge in response to their motion to dismiss a Federal Lawsuit brought by Nautilus Productions.
Nautilus, the official videographer of Blackbeard’s pirate ship the Queen Anne’s Revenge, brought suit at the end of 2015 alleging the defendants made illegal copies of Nautilus’s videography, and then persuaded the legislature to pass an unconstitutional law – now known as “Blackbeard’s Law” – in an attempt to justify pirating decades of work from Nautilus. Judge Boyle’s decision allows the lawsuit for copyright infringement and for a declaration of the statute’s invalidity to move forward in Federal court.
“I am gratified by Judge Boyle’s ruling,” stated Rick Allen, owner of Nautilus Productions. “It was surreal to sit in a Federal courtroom in the town where Blackbeard himself held sway, listening to the State’s attorneys try to defend the State’s own acts of piracy. Taking our work, and then passing a law that tries to justify the illegal conduct, isn’t right. This wasn’t a mistake – NCDNCR had been caught before, paid for it, and promised not to do it again. I look forward to defending our constitutional rights in Federal court.”
In rejecting the defendants’ attempt to dismiss the copyright claims, Judge Boyle noted that protection of copyrights is a “right of such importance to the founders that it was, unique among most functions undertaken by the federal government today, expressly mentioned in Article I as an important protection to be ensured by the national government.”
This lawsuit arises out of the retrieval of Blackbeard’s pirate ship. According to the complaint filed in the case, the defendants were not content to use the videography as agreed and began making unauthorized copies, covering up their misconduct and passing and amending legislation to protect their copyright infringements. Defendants in addition to the Governor and the State include employees of the Department of Natural and Cultural Resources, and the Friends of Queen Anne’s Revenge non-profit. The Friends of Queen Anne’s Revenge dissolved their corporation after the lawsuit was filed and are being defended by their insurance carrier.
Since 1998, Nautilus Productions has been the official video crew for the Blackbeard’s Queen Anne’s Revenge Shipwreck Project. Nautilus Productions has documented almost two decades of archaeological activities and the recovery of artifacts from Blackbeard’s infamous shipwreck for the benefit of, and at zero cost to, the taxpayers of North Carolina.
The shipwreck, discovered in 1996 by Intersal Inc., filed separate lawsuits against the state of North Carolina and the Friends of Queen Anne’s Revenge, which continue in the State Office of Administrative Hearings, State Business Court and the North Carolina Supreme Court.
UPDATE: April 21, 2017 – The State of North Carolina, Kevin Cherry, Stephen R. Claggett, Karin Cochran, Roy A. Cooper, Cary Cox, Susan Wear Kluttz, John W. Morris, Susi H. Hamilton, D. Reid Wilson, G. Neel Lattimore, Catherine A. Oliva & North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources file an interlocutory appeal of Judge Boyle’s decision. Nautilus files a cross appeal. A hearing date is set for March 20, 2018 in the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit in Richmond, Virginia.
North Carolina Faces Federal Lawsuit Over Copyright Infringement & “Blackbeard’s Law”
On December 1, 2015, the videographers who have spent almost two decades documenting the retrieval of Blackbeard’s pirate ship, the Queen Anne’s Revenge (QAR) filed a Federal lawsuit against Gov. Pat McCrory, the State of North Carolina, and others, in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina. The lawsuit filed by Nautilus Productions, LLC and its owner Rick Allen alleges that the recently passed “Blackbeard’s Law” is unconstitutional, and that the defendants have infringed copyrights owned and licensed by Allen and Nautilus, violated other federal laws, and engaged in unfair and deceptive trade practices. Defendants in addition to the Governor and the State include employees of the North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources (NCDNCR), and the Friends of Queen Anne’s Revenge nonprofit in Beaufort, NC. The plaintiffs include; Susan Kluttz, Karin Ramstad Cochran, Kevin Cherry, Cary Carr Cox, Stephen “Steve” Claggett and John “Billy Ray” Morris.
Modern Day Piracy On The Queen Anne’s Revenge
This is not the first time the State has been in trouble over the project. Earlier allegations of copyright infringement resulted in a 2013 Settlement Agreement, and payment of $15,000 to Nautilus and Allen as compensation for copyright infringement. Then, in August of 2015, Blackbeard’s Law was passed, stating that videos, photos and other documentary work in the State’s possession are now “public documents” and that there are no restrictions on their use. It also said that any agreement to the contrary would be invalid.
Allen immediately noted the problem and documented new copyright infringements which occurred after the 2013 Settlement Agreement. He was also aware of another lawsuit filed by the shipwreck’s discoverer, Intersal, Inc. that alleged violations of the Settlement Agreement. “The State of North Carolina passed Blackbeard’s Law to justify the further illegal taking of my intellectual property and abrogate the 2013 Settlement Agreement.”
Senator Norman Sanderson, who pushed the proposal into another bill pending before the Senate in July of 2015, admitted in July that he and Senator Jim Davis introduced the bill at the request of the Department of Natural and Cultural Resources, and said, “I’m sure it was brought forth because of the lawsuit.”
On August 18, 2015 NC Governor Pat McCrory signed HB 184 (Section 121-25 (b)), into law (SL 2015-218), asserting State control over,
“All photographs, video recordings, or other documentary materials of a derelict vessel or shipwreck or its contents, relics, artifacts, or historic materials in the custody of any agency of North Carolina government or its subdivisions shall be a public record pursuant to G.S. 132-1. There shall be no limitation on the use of or no requirement to alter any such photograph, video recordings, or other documentary material, and any such provision in any agreement, permit, or license shall be void and unenforceable as a matter of public policy.”
Just weeks after that signing, NC DNCR posted videos and images that illegally incorporated Nautilus’ digital media and violated Nautilus Productions’ registered copyrights and intellectual property rights on its State Government Social Media Archive.
“It is outrageous that the agency charged with promoting the arts in North Carolina does so through the misuse of its citizen’s property. Blackbeard’s Law affects every artist, writer, photographer, producer, historian and donor in N.C. and sets a dangerous precedent for N.C. government overreach,” said Allen.
Since 1998 Nautilus Productions has been the official video crew for the Blackbeard’s Queen Anne’s Revenge Shipwreck Project. During that time Nautilus Productions has documented on video archaeological activities and the recovery of artifacts from Blackbeard’s infamous shipwreck for the benefit of, and at zero cost to, the taxpayers of North Carolina. According to State Archaeologist Steve Claggett, Rick Allen of Nautilus Productions “has worked energetically and enthusiastically in conditions that often are unfavorable, uncomfortable, and challenging for diving, filming, or anything else. Rick is totally professional and a great companion for our research crews, visitors, and media representatives. When viewers see underwater footage of the Blackbeard shipwreck site on local TV, or in documentaries by UNC-TV, the BBC, History Channel, Discovery Channel, or others, that footage was shot by Rick Allen.” This footage has been provided to scientists, researchers and the NC Maritime Museum for its Queen Anne’s Revenge exhibit at no cost to NC taxpayers. Literally hundreds of media outlets and broadcasters have incorporated Nautilus’ footage in news stories, videos and documentaries seen around the globe, again at zero cost to NC taxpayers.
Nautilus Productions LLC is represented by Derek Shaffer and Todd Anten of Quinn, Emanuel, Urquhart & Sullivan, LLP, Susan Freya Olive and David McKenzie of Olive and Olive, P.A. and Joe Poe of the Poe Law Firm, PLLC.
UPDATE: March 14, 2016 – The Friends of Queen Anne’s Revenge nonprofit in Beaufort, N.C. registered it’s destruction filing with the North Carolina Secretary of State and was officially dissolved. Another lawsuit against North Carolina, filed by Intersal, Inc. which found the Queen Anne’s Revenge, is pending in state business court, the N.C. Office of Administrative Hearings and the North Carolina Supreme Court.
“All photographs, video recordings, or other documentary materials of a derelict vessel or shipwreck or its contents, relics, artifacts, or historic materials in the custody of any agency of North Carolina government or its subdivisions shall be a public record pursuant to Chapter 132 of the General Statutes.”
The change dropped the “no limitation on the use of or no requirement to alter any such photograph, video recordings, or other documentary material, and any such provision in any agreement, permit, or license shall be void and unenforceable as a matter of public policy” section of the law.
UPDATE: On March 23, 2017 U.S. District Court Judge Terrence W. Boyle rules the lawsuit for copyright infringement and for a declaration of the statute’s invalidity will move forward in Federal court. After an appeal of his ruling, by the State of North Carolina, a hearing date is set for March 20-22, 2018 in the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit.
UPDATE: July 11, 2018 – 4th Circuit issues an unfavorable ruling in case and declines petition for en banc appeal. Nautilus adds Quinn, Emanuel, Urquhart & Sullivan, LLP to its legal team in preparation for petition of a writ of certiorari with the Supreme Court of the United States.
Article I, Section 8, Clause 8 of the United States Constitution, known as the Copyright Clause, empowers the United States Congress: To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.
“Intellectual property is the gold of the digital age.” – Omar Sobrino
Copyright Alliance – The Copyright Alliance is the unified voice of the copyright community, representing the interests of thousands of individuals and organizations across the spectrum of copyright disciplines.
Lawsuit – Amended Complaint, Judge’s Order on Motion To Dismiss, Nautilus Cross Appeal, Nautilus Reply Brief, 4th Circuit Opinion, Petition for Rehearing En Banc, Allen v. Cooper_Petition for Certiorari (No. 18-877)
Amicus Curiae – Recording Industry Association of America, Ralph Oman- Register of Copyrights, Nimmer, Young, Bynum, Copyright Alliance, Register of Copyrights, Copyright Comment Letters, Nimmer, Oman, Young & Bynum
NCDOJ Copyright Opinion – Attorney General Josh Stein, 1993
2013 Settlement Agreement – Mediated Settlement Agreement Signed w/1998 Memorandum of Agreement
NC Legislature Links – HB184 (NCLeg page – S.L. 2015-218) & H1030 (NCLeg page – S.L. 2016-94)
NCDNCR – Queen Anne’s Revenge Fact Sheet
Similar Copyright Cases
“12th Man” Suit Forces Aggies to Call an Audible on Traditional Copyright Defenses – National Law Review
University of Houston can be sued for using image, judge rules – Houston Chronicle
Book Editor & Photographer Sue Texas Universities – Houston Chronicle
Allen v. Cooper – Copyright Alliance
QAR suit appealed to SCOTUS – Carteret News Times
Can U.S. States Infringe Copyright with Impunity – The Illusion of More
Petitions of the Week – SCOTUSBlog
In US, No Remedies For Growing IP Infringement – Intellectual Property Watch
North Carolina, Filmmaker, Spar Before 4th Circuit Over Pirate Booty – Courthouse News
Judge allows lawsuit over Blackbeard’s shipwreck to proceed – Fayetteville Observer
Judge declines motion to dismiss lawsuit involving Queen Anne’s Revenge – Carteret County News Times
Lawsuit involving ownership of Blackbeard shipwreck videos can go ahead, judge says – Charlotte Observer
Judge: Suit About Blackbeard Shipwreck Videos Can Go Ahead – US News & World Report
3 Count: Blackbeard’s Revenge – Plagiarism Today
State Sanctioned Piracy? – Dr. E. Lee Spence
Videographer sues NC over rights to Blackbeard shipwreck footage – News & Observer
Fayetteville company sues state in dispute about Blackbeard’s pirate ship – Fayetteville Observer
Friends group calls it quits on fundraising – Carteret County News-Times
QAR videographer files federal case – Carteret County News-Times
Blackbeard and the Modern Day Pirates – Hugh Stephens Blog
State Said to Plunder Blackbeard Wreck Pix – Courthouse News
US State Changes Law To Steal Pirate Video – Commsrisk
‘Blackbeard’s Law’ to clarify public access to shipwreck photos, video – Fayetteville Observer
Controversy over Blackbeard’s Queen Anne’s Revenge continues – Public Radio East
Battle Over Shipwreck Photos Brews in N.C. – Courthouse News
NC Lawmakers enter legal battle over Blackbeard’s ship – Asheville Citizen-Times
Usurpation of Personal and Intellectual Property Rights – Gary Gentile
Land Brigands – Thatcher: The unauthorized biography of Blackbeard the pirate
Common Cents, March 2016, Mark Loundy – National Press Photographers Association
Videographer sues NC over rights to Blackbeard shipwreck footage – Scholarship Easy
Blackbeard’s Ship Confirmed Off North Carolina – National Geographic
U.S. Copyright Law Makes It Illegal To Remove A Watermark – Photo Attorney
friendsofqar.org friendsofqar Friends of Queen Anne’s Revenge friends of qar qarfound NCDNCR piracy NC DNCR DCR qaronline.org QAR SCOTUS
Blackbeard’s Queen Anne’s Revenge Shipwreck Project North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources Nautilus Productions Intersal Maritime Research Institute Wendi Oliver Karin Cochran John W. Morris Susan Kluttz Pat McCrory Steve Claggett Cary Cox Kevin Cherry Blackbeard’s Law Federal Lawsuit copyright intellectual property Gordon Watts Stedman Stephens Glenn Overton Tom Kies Lee Sykes Sarah Watkins-Kenney Mike Daniel
Mike Phillips James Davis Norman Sanderson Nicole Tumbleson Morris Richard Lawrence Mark Wilde-Ramsing Billy Ray Morris Blackbeard300 Blackbeard 300 Tricentennial tercentennial Blackbeard-300 Blackbeard’s Lawsuit Shark Brothers Multimedia Shot Locker Productions Think Out Loud Productions Sean Paxton Brooks Paxton Mark Fowler Devon Chivvis Charles Ewen Charlie Ewen